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Vladimir Abramytchev

Vladimir Abramytchev


ACP Fish II / CRFM communication strategy project

Website URL:
Monday, 18 March 2013 22:16


Quick Facts:

  • Contribution to GDP: Overall percentage contribution to GDP by the agricultural sector was 7.3%, with fisheries contributing about 0.4% (ESSJ Report 2001).
  • Fishing Area:
  • The inshore fishery in the coastal waters of the main island, including nine proximal banks, usually subdivided into North Coast and South Coast.
  • The fishery on the Pedro and Morant Banks.
  • Deep-sea fishing, in all deep waters around the island and banks.
  • The Jamaica/Colombia Joint Regime Area near Alice Shoal.
  • Inland (riverine) areas, especially large river systems (e.g., Black River).
  • Fishermen: The Marine Capture fishery of Jamaica had 15336 registered fishers as at the end of December 2004. Most of these are artisanal fishermen operating from open canoe or reinforced fiberglass plastic (RFP) type boats powered by either outboard motors or oars.
  • Landing sites: 190 including two (2) on the Pedro Cayes and one (1) on Morant Caye (2004).
  • Fish Imports:

      1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
    Quantity (kg) 30,350,457 36,057,765 33,547,533 31,238,013 66,385,542
    Value (J$) 2,191,342,690.00 2,214,864,814 2,733,551,666 2,798,298,434 3,378,890,984
  • Fish Exports:
      2000 2001 2002 2003
    Quantity (kg) 997,510 1,582,149 605,999 936,306
    Value (J$) 42,625,571 540,253,239 265,482,376 460,678,076
  • Fish Processors: Minimum 10 (categorized as major or minor Fish Processors, based on the degree of processing).
  • Exporters: Minimum 10.
  • Vessel Categories: There were 4274 registered boats at the end of December 2004, operating in the industry, ranging from 3.6 to 9 m open canoe type boats (95%) to 15 M – 30 M decked vessel type (5 %).


  1. Fish Production from Landings
      1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

    Total Marine Fish Production
    Total Tilapia Production
    Total Fish Production 11,946.87 10,345.18 12,484.13 9,639.52 11,327.84 14,337.65 8,404.67 13,695.52

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Fisheries exploited in Jamaican Waters


Fishery for Opsitonema oglinum, (Atlantic thread herring, locally known as sprat), Harengula jaguana (Scaled sardine) and Harengula humeralis (Red-ear sardine, locally known as pinchers). Opistonema oglinum is the most heavily sought after species in this fishery. Bait fish caught in this fishery (eg. Harengulids and Engraulids), caught by trammel and lift nets is very important as it supports the artisanal offshore (line) fishery and the recreational fishery.


Snappers, Parrot Fishes, Doctor Fishes

This fishery is generally for fish living over coral reef area. Areas where these fishes can be found: Rosalind Bank, Pedro bank, North Coast, South Coast, Morant Bank, other offshore banks and Alice Shoal. The coral reef finfish account for the largest catch category in Jamaica fisheries. The vast majority (98%) of the catch remains in Jamaica for either local or tourist consumption.


Spiny Lobsters

The Caribbean spiny lobster (Panulirus argus) is widely distributed in the coastal waters and the offshore banks around Jamaica. Catch of spiny lobster comes mainly from the Pedro Bank (60%). Lobster is a high priced resource and represents an important component of the total value of the landings of the Jamaican commercial fisheries. Its’ production supports a local market (mainly the hospitality industry) and an export market. The export market earns an average of US$4-6 million per year.


White Shrimp (Penaeus schmitti)

The shrimp fishery of Jamaica is of significant economic importance, especially in the Kingston Harbour. The licensing and registration system of the Fisheries Division (LRS) records 44 boats (motorized and non-motorized) and 153 fishermen that fish for shrimp.

Hunts Bay is the major landing site in Jamaica. All the shrimp vessels in Kingston (Greenwich Town, Hunts Bay, Port Henderson, Hellshire and Port Royal) fish in Kingston Harbour and land their catch at Hunts Bay


The Queen Conch (Strombus gigas) fishery is the most valuable foreign exchange fishery in Jamaica. This resource is exploited on the island shelf and offshore banks. The predominant fishery occurs on the Pedro Bank. At present it is estimated that up to 95% of the conch landed in Jamaica originates from the Pedro Bank. However, small amounts are also fished from the Formigas Bank and Morant Banks. The amount of conch landed from the island shelf is so far not quantified but may be significant.


Deep Slope, Snappers and Groupers

The two most targeted species are Lutjanus vivanus (silk snapper) and Etelis oculatus (queen snapper locally called satin).

The deepslope fishing areas within Jamaican waters is relatively small. Catches from the deep slope represent approximately 10% of total annual catch of marine fish. The fishery needs to be better studied. There is also need for increased awareness among fishers of the vulnerability of the stock and the potential for over-fishing.


Mackerels, Tunas, Wahoo

This fishery is a small fishery accessed mainly with mechanized boats. This fishery is also used for tournaments and other sport fishing related activities.

Monday, 18 March 2013 22:15


Quick Facts:

  • Information coming soon.

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Monday, 18 March 2013 22:13


Quick Facts:

  • Fisheries sector contribution to GDP %: 3 (2008)
  • Fishing area: 12 nm
  • Fish production (metric tonne): 41,659
  • Fish production, including aquaculture (value in national currency): n/a
  • Fish exports (metric tonne): 19,097
  • Fish exports (value in national currency): GY $11.6 billion
  • Fish imports (metric tonne): 763
  • Fish imports (value in national currency): GY $392
  • Per capita fish consumption (kg): 54
  • EEZ (km2): 138,240
  • Shelf area (km2): 48,665
  • Number of landing sites: 107
  • Number of fishers: 5,971
  • Number of fishing vessels: Trawlers (136), red snapper (81), artisanal (1,129)
  • Fishing gear/methods: Trawl nets, Chinese seine (fyke seine), pin seine, gillnet (circle and drift seines), traps, cadell and handlines.
  • Number of vendors/hawkers: n/a
  • Number of processors: 9 licensed industrial processors, 12 cottage industry processors
  • Number of exporters: 35 (9 industrial operators and 26 individuals)
  • Number of importers: 36
  • Area under aquaculture (hectares): 870.105
  • Number of aquaculture farms: 5
  • Number of aquaculture farmers: 25
  • Incentives to fishers and aquaculture farmers: Duty free concession on equipment


  1. GY $ 205 = US $1.

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Monday, 18 March 2013 22:12


Quick Facts:

  • % Contribution to GDP: 1.83 (1994)
  • Fishing Area: EEZ (7700 km2); Shelf (900 km2)./li>
  • Fishermen: 1240 (about 82.3% full-time)
  • Fishing Fleet: The largest percentage (12.3%) of registered vessels operate out of Grenville and Gouyave (10.5%) and Petite Martinique (8.4%).
  • Landing sites: 29 on Grenada, 10 on the Grenadines
  • Fish Imports: 577 MT/1.9US $ M (1994)
  • Fish Exports: 477 MT/3.1 US$ M (1993)
  • Fish vendors/hawkers: 50
  • Fish processors: 5
  • Importers: None Reported
  • Exporters: 4 Major
  • Subsidies: Up to 100% on marine fuel, boats, engines, fishing gear and other related supplies. To qualify for subsidies a vessel must exceed a minimum value for its landings by commercial fishermen.


  1. Fisheries complexes with docking, processing, marketing and gear storage facilities are strategically located in various ports around Grenada. The majority of the catch is sold to vendors and fish exporters. Fish exports (particularly of yellowfin tuna) are increasing due to greater availability of ice and cold storage facilities and improvements in quality control procedures. Most fish caught in Grenada (especially from Petite Martinique) is transported to Martinique using trading vessels.
  2. Fish exports increased by 3.9% from 1993 to 1994, notwithstanding the fact that landings decreased 26% over the same period. On the average, tunas remain the main export item for Grenada, increasing from 50.3% to 68.8% by value between 1993 and 1994. Sea urchins contributed some 9.3% to the value of exports, becoming the second most profitable marine product.
  3. Cod represents 29.5% of total fish and fish products.

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Monday, 18 March 2013 22:11


Quick Facts:

  • % Contribution to GDP: 1.77 (1994)
  • Fishing Area: EEZ (7700 km2); Shelf (900 km2).
  • Fishermen: 2338 (about 68.5% full-time)
  • Landing sites: 42
  • Landings estimates: Landings have ranged from 446 MT to 883 MT from 1990-94.
  • Fish Imports: 492 MT/1.37 US$ M (1990); Cod imports were valued at 43.4% of this amount.
  • Fish Exports: None.
  • Fish vendors/hawkers: Over 100
  • Fish processors: 2 cottage industry operations.
  • Importers: 12
  • Exporters: None
  • Subsidies: Automatic duty-free subsidies apply only to engines 75 hp or less. Subsidies may be granted on boats, and fishing gear, on application and based on the recommendation of the Fisheries Division. The rebate on fuel is given to the Dominica Cooperative Society only.


  1. The largest percentage of vessels (15.2%) are based at Scotts Head. Most fish is sold fresh at the beach landing sites to the consumer. When localized gluts occur during the 'high' season for pelagic fish, the price drops and very often losses occur due to spoilage.

Spiny Lobster Fishery Country Profile

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Monday, 18 March 2013 22:08


Quick Facts:

  • % Contribution to GDP: 7.2 (2001)
  • Fishing Area: EEZ (169840 km2); Shelf (9800 km2)
  • Fishermen: 3000-4000 (about 60% belong to fishermen's cooperatives)
  • Landing sites: 11
  • Fish Imports: 75 MT/0.096 US $ M (2001)
  • Fish Exports: 518 MT/9.0 US$ M (2001)
  • Fish vendors/hawkers: 50
  • Fish processors: 2 (Northern and National Fishermen's Cooperatives)
  • Importers: 3 or 4 (Est.)
  • Exporters: 10


  1. The shelf area is a complex system consisting of the largest barrier reef in the Atlantic (220 m in length), three offshore atolls- (Lighthouse Reef which contains the Blue Hole, the Turneffe Islands and Glovers Reef), patch reefs, seagrass beds, several hundred cayes of sand and mangrove, extensive mangrove forests, coastal lagoons and estuaries. Total area fished is estimated to be about 4700 km2 within a depth range of 1.5-10 m2.
  2. Note: The composition of the fishing fleet refers to active commercial fishing vessels, as opposed to subsistence fishing. Open boats are made of either wood or fibreglass, 4.3-7.6 m in length, propelled by outboard engines primarily for lobster trapping. Sloops are mostly wooden vessels up to 10 m in length, equipped with sails and smaller auxiliary outboard engines primarily for free diving for lobster, conch and occasionally finfish. Large dug-out canoes are used in southern regions, and are equipped with small engines and oars, primarily for fishing finfish using handlines or nets. Foreign shrimp trawlers of the standard Mexican Gulf type operate as joint ventures with fishing cooperatives.
  3. Major landing sites (from North to South) are located at Corozal Town, Belize City, San Pedro on Ambergris Cay, Caye Caulker, Danriga, Placencia and Punta Gorda.
  4. Shrimp mariculture accounted for approximately US$6.0 M and 2,000 MT in 1995 which was more than the total landed value of all fisheries combined.  

Spiny Lobster Fishery Country Profile

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Monday, 18 March 2013 22:07


Quick Facts:

  • % Contribution to GDP: 0.9 (1990)
  • Fishing Area: EEZ (48800 km2); Shelf (277 km2).
  • Fishermen: 2200 (over 80% full-time)
  • Landing sites: 13 major sites
  • Fish Imports: 902.5 MT/3.3US $ M (1993)
  • Fish Exports: 3.5 MT/0.008 US$ M (1993)
  • Fish vendors/hawkers: 500
  • Fish processors: 7 companies (125 employees)
  • Importers: 9 companies (25 employees)
  • Exporters: 4 major (all processors)
  • Subsidies: Tax and duty free concessions on marine fuel, boats, engines, fishing gear and other related supplies.


  1. Moses are open boats of 3-6m in length, propelled either by oars or outboard engines from 10-25 Hp primarily for reef fishing;
  2. Launches are mostly wooden vessels 6-12m in length, propelled by inboard diesel engines from 10-180 Hp primarily for fishing and landing pelagics daily;
  3. Iceboats are greater than 20m in length primarily for fishing pelagics, stay at sea 7-14 days.
  4. Nearby shoals are "London Shallows" and "Trader Banks".
  5. The majority of catches are landed at the three primary landing sites - Bridgetown Fisheries Complex, Oistins Fish Market, and Speightstown Fish Market, which are characterized by market buildings and other facilities. Fish tolls are collected at these sites. There are ten (10) secondary sites characterized by sheds and slabs for cutting fish. There are also many beach and bay areas where boats are moored or beached and fish landed.

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Monday, 18 March 2013 22:06

The Bahamas

Quick Facts:

  • % Contribution to GDP: 1.0% (2008) est.
  • Fishing Area: Shelf (116 550 sq. km.)
  • EEZ: 64 000 sq. km.
  • Fish Production: 4 521 mt (2008)
  • Fish Value: B$73.9 million (2008)
  • Fish Exports: 2 431 mt (2008)
  • Fish Exports Value: B$82.1 million (2008)
  • Fish Imports: 1 930 mt (2008)
  • Fish Imports Value: B$14,502
  • Per Capita Fish Consumption (kg): 11.9
  • Number of Fishers: 9,300 (2005 Fisheries Census)
  • Fish Vendors Permits: 23 (2008) Nassau, The Bahamas
  • Fish Processors: 11 (2008)
  • Fish Exporters: 18 (2008)
  • Number of Importers: N/A
  • Number of Aquaculture Farms: Nil
  • Number of Aquaculture Farmers: Nil
  • Fishing Gear Types: Nets, Hook & Line; Impaling Gear (Hawaiian Sling & Spear); Wire Pots and Wooden Traps; and Casitas/Condominiums and Hooks
  • Subsidies: Duty free concessions on fishing boats, bonefishing skiffs, outboard engines, diesel engines, materials for fish pots/traps and assembled traps, freezing units and insulation for fishing vessels, reverse osmosis and ice making machines for fishing vessels and navigational equipment.

Note: Rate of Exchange – B$1 = US$1


  1. In CY2008, total fishery product production in The Bahamas was 9 176 metric tons (mt). Total landings was 4 521mt valued at B$73.9 million, the difference in weight between production and landings resulting primarily from the fact most crawfish are tailed at sea and the head, which represents two thirds the weight of the animal, is discarded.
  2. Frozen crawfish tails accounted for 50.8% of total fishery product landings and 81.3% of the total value of all fishery product landings in CY2007. The value of frozen crawfish tails accounted for 94.4% of total fishery product and resource exports from The Bahamas during the same period. Fishery products refer to edible marine produce, while fishery resource refers to non edible products/resources.
  3. In CY2008, scalefish landings totaled 1 333mt and represented 9.4% of the total value of all fishery product landings. Snappers accounted for 20.7% of all scalefish landings with a total value of B$4.6 million.
  4. In CY2008, the conch export quota was approved at 181mt. Eight (8) special export licences to export the product were issued. Total exports amounted to 159mt with a value of $2.0 million. All exports were to the United States.
  5. Eleven (11) sponge export licenses and two (2) shell export licenses were issued during CY2008. The total value of sponge exports was B$828,680 and all shell exports B$28,568.
  6. In 2008, charges were brought against twenty-seven Bahamians for violation of the Fisheries Rules and Regulations. Charges included possession of undersized crawfish, possession of egg bearing crawfish, possession of undersized grouper, possession of Nassau Grouper during the closed season, possession of turtle during the closed season, use of illegal apparatus (air compressors) out of season and possession of noxious chemicals on board their fishing vessel. Fines levied against persons charged amounted to $23,000.00.
  7. Four (4) foreign vessels were arrested in Bahamian waters in CY2008 for poaching. All of the vessels were from the Dominican Republic. All arrests were made in the southern and southeastern Bahamas namely, Cay Lobos, Guinchos Cay, the Brown Bank and Inagua. Charges included illegal fishing in The Bahamas, Long Line fishing and possession of fresh Nassau Grouper during the closed season. Charges were dropped against one of the vessels; a $30,000 fine was levied against the captain of another vessel and his vessel, fishing gear and fishery resources confiscated. The remaining two cases are pending in The Bahamas.
  8. Fishing for Nassau Grouper in The Bahamas was observed for three months commencing 1 December 2008 and concluding 28 February 2009. During the 2007/2008 Nassau Grouper spawning season the fishery was closed for a period of two and a half (2½) months from 15 December 2007 to 28 February 2008.
  9. CY 2008 was a very active year in relation to the ongoing work toward the establishment of a Network of Marine Protected Areas in The Bahamas. The goal for the year was to reassess all the proposed areas for the establishment of marine protected areas and collect GPS coordinates for the boundaries of each; and eventually after further consultation with stakeholders in the respective areas submit the list to the Cabinet of The Bahamas for final approval and declaration. In December, the Cabinet of The Bahamas concluded the first sites to be designated in the Network would be North Bimini (with some exceptions), South Berry Islands and the designated site in the Exumas from Jewfish Cays to mainland Georgetown, Exuma.
  10. Lionfish continues to be a lingering concern for the Department of Marine Resources as this predator continues to reproduce rapidly and have begun to consume fish that is food for the Nassau Grouper and other members of the grouper family. Evidence to date indicates the Lionfish has been preying upon species of fish that is consumed by Bahamians. The department continues in its joint effort with the College of The Bahamas to study the Lionfish and learn the ways of the fish in order to deplete its population. The Lionfish could be used as food. The department continues its work with fishers to derive some economic benefits from the fish, which could assist in cutting down their numbers because of their rapid reproduction.
Monday, 18 March 2013 22:05

Antigua and Barbuda

Quick Facts:

  • % Contribution to GDP (2003): 1.48% (Preliminary) See Note 1
  • Fishing Area: Shelf - 3,568 km2; EEZ  - unknown (see Note 2 below).
  • Number of Registered Fishers (2004): 1,088
  • Estimated Number of Active Fishers (2004): 699 (2% of labour force)
  • Number of Registered Vessels (2004): 728
  • Estimated Number of Active Vessels (2004): 276
  • Landing sites: 25 in Antigua; in Barbuda
  • Capture Production of fish, crustaceans, mollusks, etc, (2004): Caribbean; spiny lobster - 245 metric tons (EC$5.4 Million); Queen Conch - 554 metric tons (EC$1.3 Million); Bony finfish - 1,699 metric tons (EC$23.0 Million; Sharks and rays - 29 metric tons (EC$0.2 Million) (See Note 3)
  • Total Imports of Fish and Fishery Products: (2001) 439; metric tons (See Note 4)
  • Value of Total Imports of Fish and Fishery Products (2001): EC$4.4 Million (See Note 5)
  • Total Export of Fish and Fishery Products (2001): 368 metric tons (National exports: 60.6 metric tons (See Note 6)
  • Value of Total Export of Fish and Fishery Products (2001): EC$1.9 million (See Note 7)
  • Fish Processors (2004): 4
  • Exporters (2004): 9 in Antigua; - 2 in Barbuda


  1. Calculated at factor cost in constant 1990 prices. (Source: Eastern Caribbean Central Bank National Accounts Digest 2004).
  2. The full extent of the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is unknown. Antigua and Barbuda is an archipelagic state. Negotiations with neighboring states with respect to EEZ have not been completed.
  3. All weights are expressed on a live weight basis while valuations are based on local retail prices.
  4. Total imports consist of all imports into country, including goods for domestic consumption and imports into bonded warehouses or free zones. Products are mainly fish, dried, salted or smoked (Source: FAOSTAT data, 2005).
  5. Valuation of imports is based on c.i.f. value (Source: FAOSTAT Data, 2005).
  6. Total exports consist of the combined total of national exports and re-exports. Re-exports consist of the outward movement of nationalized goods plus which, after importation, move outward movement of nationalized goods plus goods which, after importation, move outward from bonded warehouses or free zones without having been transformed (Source: FAO STAT Data, 2005). National or domestic exports are comprised mainly of the Caribbean spiny lobster.
  7. Valuation of exports is based on f.o.b. value (Source; FAOSTAT Data, 2005).

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Wednesday, 13 March 2013 07:30

The Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism

The CRFM was officially inaugurated on 27 March 2003, in Belize City, Belize, where it is headquartered, following the signing of the “Agreement Establishing the CRFM” on February 4, 2002. It is an inter-governmental organization with its mission being to “To promote and facilitate the responsible utilization of the region's fisheries and other aquatic resources for the economic and social benefits of the current and future population of the region”.

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